Ph.D. Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 2009
M.A. Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 2004
Advanced Arabic for Research, Institut Français d'Etudes Arabes de Damas (IFEAD), Damascus, Syria, 2002
B.A. Middle Eastern Studies, University of Texas, Austin, Summa Cum Laude, 1997
Andy Clarno is Associate Professor of Sociology and African American Studies and the Acting Director of the Social Justice Initiative at the University of Illinois at Chicago. His research examines racism, capitalism, colonialism, and empire in the early 21 st century, with a focus on the relationship between marginalization and securitization. Andy teaches courses on globalization, race and ethnicity, policing, and urban sociology.
Andy’s new book, Neoliberal Apartheid (University of Chicago Press 2017), analyzes thepolitical, economic, and social changes in South Africa and Palestine/Israel since 1994. In the early 1990s, the South African state was democratized and Black South Africans gained formal legal equality. Palestinians, on the other hand, won neither freedom nor equality and Israel remains a settler colonial state. Despite these differences, neoliberal (de)colonization has generated similar socio-economic changes in both regions: growing inequality, racialized poverty, and advanced strategies for securing the powerful and policing the racialized poor. Neoliberal Apartheid explores this paradox through an analysis of settler colonialism and racial capitalism. This is the first comparative study of social change in South Africa and Palestine/Israel since the 1990s. It addresses the limitations of liberation in South Africa, highlights the impact of neoliberal restructuring in Palestine/Israel, and argues that a new form of neoliberal apartheid has emerged in both regions.
Andy is currently leading a research workshop focused on policing in Chicago. Building on long histories of struggle, communities of color in Chicago are forging powerful solidarities as they confront the criminalization of Black youth, the deportation of Latinxs, and the surveillance of Arab/Muslim communities. Yet most studies of policing analyze these communities in isolation. This project will shift the focus by exploring the relationship between local police departments, federal immigration authorities, and national security agencies. It is designed as a community-engaged research workshop that brings faculty and students at UIC into conversation with community organizations in Chicago.
Some of Andy’s recent publications include “Neoliberal Colonization in the West Bank” in Social Problems (Forthcoming), “Rethinking Our Definition of Apartheid” with Haidar Eid in Al-Shabaka (August 2017), “Hiking the West Bank” in Contexts (Spring 2015), “Rescaling White Space in Post-Apartheid Johannesburg” in Antipode (November 2013), “Securing Oslo” in Middle East Report (Winter 2013), and “The Constitution of State/Space and the Limits of ‘Autonomy’ in South Africa and Palestine/Israel” in Sociology and Empire, edited by George Steinmetz (2013).
Excerpt From Neoliberal Apartheid (University of Chicago Press 2017)
Until the 1980s, South Africa and Israel were settler colonial states managing racial Fordist economies defined by state support for industrial and agricultural production, racialized welfare states, and split labor markets. Since the 1990s, neoliberal restructuring in both contexts has been coupled with political negotiations to overturn or at least restructure colonial domination. Studying the transitions, therefore, requires attention to the shifting colonial strategies and racial projects that have occurred alongside neoliberal restructuring. The South African state was democratized, but the neoliberalization of racial capitalism has placed important limits on decolonization. In Palestine/Israel, on the other hand, neoliberal restructuring has been coupled with an aggressive Israeli settler colonial strategy that involves the extension of limited autonomy to the Palestinian population in the occupied territories. In both South Africa and Palestine/Israel, neoliberalization and (de)colonization have generated social formations marked by: extreme inequality, racialized marginalization, advanced securitization, and constant crises. I refer to this combination as neoliberal apartheid.
Office: 4125 BSB
Phone: (312) 996-5904
Fax: (312) 996-5799